Obesity: Obesity is a serious medical problem in dogs. Exercise, proper nutrition, and withholding the dog’s intake of human food will help prevent obesity in your dog.
Rabies: Rabies is a virus and when symptoms start to appear, it becomes fatal. When a dog gets rabies, they may bite other mammals and pass the disease onto them. Many laws require dogs to have rabies vaccinations and booster shots as prevention.
Parvovirus (also known as Parvo): Parvo is a highly contagious, fatal disease that can happen to any dog around the world. It leads to death usually within 48 to 72 hours and symptoms include loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea, and depression. The only prevention is the Parvo vaccination with booster shots.
Coronavirus: Is very similar to Parvovirus, but not as fatal. Very similar symptoms, but the treatment is usually to replace lost fluids and control vomiting and diarrhoea.
Infectious canine hepatitis: Not usually fatal, but it is a possibility. Most of the time, mild symptoms like a slight fever or slight lethargy appear. Vaccinations are recommended and recovery is usually rapid.
Distemper: Considered to be the one most threatening virus to dogs worldwide, distemper is fatal in all dogs. The only prevention is vaccination and subsequent boosters.
Kennel Cough: A respiratory disease that usually spreads in kennels and shelters, symptoms can include a dry, hacking cough with inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchial tubes. The recommended prevention is vaccination against four of the strains, which may be needed as often as every six months.
Leptospirosis: Lethargy, kidney inflammation, and vomiting are a few symptoms of this bacterial disease. Very few veterinarians will inoculate against this disease because the effectiveness of treatment is questionable.
Lyme Disease: Symptoms include joint pain, lethargy, and lack of appetite of this bacterial disease. Treatment includes antibiotics, and prevention is using Frontline or Advantage.
Heartworm: One of the most well-known diseases, these parasites grow and multiply and can cause easy tiring, cough, and lethargy. Can be fatal if not treated, and prevention with HartGard is recommended.